Native Plant of the Month: Sitka Spruce

By City Landscape Staffcity-of-beaverton-LOGO

  • Binomial Name: Picea sitchensis
  • Soil Type: well-drained
  • Sunlight: Full sun tolerates shade
  • Form/Growth: straight single trunk
  • Foliage: Evergreen
  • Flowering/ Fruiting: No

Stretching from northern California all the way along the pacific coast through Canada. This evergreen tree loves the rocky well drained soils of the coast and higher altitudes. Growing upwards of 180 Ft (55m) high in the right conditions, this is the tallest conifer tree in Canada. The Sitka spruce is very long lived reaching 700 to 800 years old.

In addition to the Sitka spruces beauty it is used as lumber, musical instruments, boxes and even for a time during the Second World War it was used to build aircrafts. The wood is odorless and tasteless so the material makes a great food container.

This Native Plant of the Month has been brought to you by the City of Beaverton’s Landscape and Urban Forestry Department. For a complete list of native plants, visit: