Question: What is a personal and sometimes unreasoned judgment? Answer: Bias
We all have bias in some form or another, and in a lot of ways, we are hardwired for certain types of bias. Knowing the types that affect our thinking can be really helpful.
Here are 12 common biases to watch out for in ourselves.
- Confirmation Bias: The tendency to seek out and believe information that you already believe.
- The Dunning-Kruger Effect: Lack of knowledge of how to do something leads us to believe that something is simple because we don’t have much knowledge about it.
- In-Group Bias: We are more likely to believe something from within our own social group.
- Experiential Bias: What we see and experience represents what is happening even when we aren’t there.
- Availability Bias: We base our view of something, someone, or event based on what we can remember most easily.
- Fundamental Attribution: Making negative assumptions about some (assuming someone is lazy when they are late), while expecting the benefit of the doubt when it comes to others (they probably got stuck in traffic).
- Hindsight Bias: We feel like something was more predictable than it was and we should have known looking back on a situation..
- Anchoring Bias: Sticking to the first information you hear above all else.
- Optimism Bias: Assuming things are going to always go well when we are in a good mood.
- Pessimism Bias: Assuming things are going to always go poorly when we are in a bad mood.
- Halo Effect: We are influenced to believe our experience with a person or business will be the same in every other experience.
- Status-Quo Bias: The tendency to want to keep things the way they are.
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